Hypothyroidism and Anemia treatment [Reversing iron deficiency]

Hypothyroidism and Anemia treatment:
Hypothyroidism and Anemia treatment:

We discuss Hypothyroidism and anemia treatment, Iron deficiency symptoms and treatments and diets, also ways that are best to reduce hypothyroidism and anemia.

Hypothyroidism and Anemia treatment:

Anemias are diagnosed in 20-60% patients with hypothyroidism hence, it's important to understand what is hypothyroidism anemia and the link between Anemia and hypothyroidism, symptoms, diagnosis, treatment and prevention.

What is Hypothyroidism Anemia:

Anemia (low blood count) can be caused by hypothyroidism (Abnormal thyroid hormone levels) as both have symptoms of fatigue.

Anemia in thyroid diseases is very common and despite the fact that anemia and thyroid dysfunction usually happen simultaneously, the interlinked relationship between the disorders remains ambiguous even after much research still diagnosis of hypothyroidism should be considered in every case of anemia.

Anemia is a common finding in patients with hypothyroidism Therefore anemia in hypothyroid needs to be properly evaluated because treatment will depend on the causes of anemia.

 Hypothyroidism Anemia as global problem:

According to WHO, Anemia affects one-quarter of the world’s population with over 90% of affected individuals living in developing countries usually found in preschool-aged children and women and because of these huge numbers makes it a global public health problem. 

Hypothyroidism and Anemia treatment:
Hypothyroidism and Anemia treatment:

Study Linking Anemia and Hypothyroidism:

Frequently, the first indication of hypothyroidism in a number of patients is iron deficiency. 

In an examination conducted, scientists explored the recurrence of anemia as the most recurring chronic illness in people suffering from hypothyroidism—regardless of whether it's overt hypothyroidism or subclinical hypothyroidism. 

The discovery of their research findings were published online in December 2011 in the article "Characteristics of anemia in subclinical and overt hypothyroid patients.” Which later showed in an issue of Endocrine Journal.

Iron deficiency with thyroid disease:

Iron deficiency is at the heart of hypothyroidism and If you're suffering from thyroid sickness and experience weakness, iron deficiency could possibly be the cause. 

This is particularly obvious in individuals with hypothyroidism (low thyroid capacity) yet can likewise also happen with hyperthyroidism (overactive thyroid capacity). 

A basic blood test can for the most part analyse and find out the issue. Iron supplementation and dietary changes, alongside the proper handling of your thyroid infection is typically everything necessary to resolve  all the issues and symptoms. 

Symptoms of Iron deficiency:

Iron deficiency leads to less red blood cells count.

Red blood cells along with the hemoglobin, carry oxygen (O2) throughout the body and take carbon dioxide (CO2) back to lungs to be removed.

Symptoms of iron deficiency are more or less same as that of a  thyroid disease which includes:

  • Fatigue and tiredness.
  • Pale skin.
  • Breath shortages.
  • Dizziness and Headaches.
  • Heart palpitations.
  • Dryness of  skin.
  • hair loss.
  • Swollen or sore tongue or mouth.
  • Restless in the legs.

Diagnosis of hypothyroidism iron deficiency:

A ferritin (blood test) counts the number of a blood protein called ferritin which stores iron in the body. 

  1. normal range men=  40 to 300 ng/mL
  2. normal range women=  20 to 200 ng/mL in women. 

If your results are below the above reference range, iron deficiency is most certainly concluded and if higher its hyperthyroidism.

Ferritin is not a part of complete blood count (CBC) hence, you need to inform your doctor to add this to the finding at an additional cost. 

Treatment of hypothyroidism iron deficiency:

The treatment of iron deficiency is based on how severe the symptoms are and on the results of the ferritin blood test.

Treatment may involve oral iron supplementation and or a diet that is rich with iron. 

  • Iron Supplementation:

Iron supplement (twice a day) is normally recommended to treat iron deficiency with thyroid disease.

After 30 to 60 days a ferritin blood  test can check if the iron levels have normalised. 

  • Dietary Iron Sources:

The best source of iron is red meat and organ meat (liver) along with:

  • Pork
  • Chicken
  • Mollusks (such as oysters, mussels, clams)
  • Chickpeas
  • Eggs
  • Pumpkin seeds and sesame seeds
  • Dried fruit (e.g raisins and prunes)
  • Red and yellow Lentils.

In addition: take less caffeine and calcium-rich foods as they obstruct the  absorption of iron in the body.

Diet for hypothyroidism and anemia:

If you suffer from hypothyroidism you have many options including:

  • Eggs: whole eggs contain more iodine and selenium than egg whites, and their yolks contain some protein, as well as iodine and selenium
  • The word meat refers to all types of meat, such as lamb, beef, chicken, etc.
  • In addition to fish, you can eat shrimp, salmon, tuna, halibut, and other varieties of seafood.
  • It is safe to consume moderate amounts of cruciferous vegetables, especially when they are cooked
  • In addition to the berries, bananas, oranges, and tomatoes, there are other fruit as well.
  • Grain and seed products that contain no gluten: rice, buckwheat, quinoa, chia seeds, and flax seeds.
  • Several non-caffeinated beverages: water and tea.

Hypothyroid patients should focus on eating vegetables, fruits and lean meats as weight gain may be prevented by these low-calorie filling foods.

Steps to help reverse Anemia and hypothyroidism:

Eat slowly, try not to eat in a hurry because when you eat at a casual pace the mind can convey the appropriate message to the stomach to deliver sufficient stomach acid so your body can use the nutrients in your food. 

Take Betaine Hydrochloride (HCL Supplements) to help stomach acid production.

Eating food rich in iron like red meat, chicken, port and lentils.

Take these steps and also talk to a doctor, practitioner or a nutrionational specialist.

Iron Deficiency without Anemia:

Researchers at the 2015 International Thyroid Congress explored the possibility that levothyroxine may not alleviate anemia by restoring normal TSH levels, which had been long regarded as possible by  the industry.

Research shows that 30 percent to 50 percent of people taking levothyroxine experience ongoing fatigue despite treatment and without evidence of anemia. In the end, the scientists concluded that iron deficiency was to blame regardless of anemia and diabetes, B12-vitamin deficiency, celiac disease, hypercalcemia and vitamin D deficiency. Almost always, these deficiency cases were the result of inadequate iron intake prior to diagnosis.

The presence of hypothyroidism can cause anemia in a variety of forms including microcytic, macrocytic and normocytic anemia. Among many patients with hypothyroidism anemia can be the first sign.


Anemia can be caused by hypothyroidism as Iron deficiency forms the basis of both of them.

Take proper diet, supplements and stay connected with your GP/doctor/Physician.

Also read: 3 p's of diabetes.