3 p's of diabetes [know diabetes-beat diabetes]

3 p's of diabetes
3 p's of diabetes:

We discuss 3 p's of diabetes, diabetes symptoms and complications of diabetes and how to control diabetes. 3 p's of diabetes: Polydipsia, Polyuria and Polyphagia.

3 p’s of diabetes:

Diabetes is a disease that affects the way your body processes glucose. When you eat food, it is broken down into simple sugars and absorbed through the digestive system into your bloodstream. 

Your body either stores this sugar for later use or uses it as fuel for immediate energy needs. Diabetes prevents your body from creating or using insulin properly, so glucose can't get into the cells where it needs to go. 

Someone with diabetes either doesn’t produce enough insulin or their body resists the effects of insulin which makes it difficult for their cells to get enough glucose for energy production.

In diabetes, your body either doesn't produce enough insulin (type 1 diabetes) or can't use the insulin it produces properly (type 2 diabetes).

The Three p of diabetes are considered as the cardinal signs of diabetes and are good indicators and early signs of high blood sugar levels in blood leading to diabetes. However, it’s important to also know other symptoms which we will also discuss later along with the correct diabetes diagnosis and prevention.

But first, the three ps of diabetes are:

  • Polydipsia: increasing in thirst.
  • Polyuria: frequently urinating.
  • Polyphagia: increase in appetite.

Let’s discuss the 3 p's of diabetes:

A person developing diabetes will exhibit the 3 Ps of diabetes as early symptoms.

​Polydipsia: high level of thirst:

Important function of the kidneys are to filtrate extra glucose that the body doesn't need so in order to normalise glucose level in the body but in diabetic patients, the kidneys go in overdrive mode to remove extra glucose by passing urine hence, carrying with it a large number of the liquids from different parts of your body which results to dehydration and person feeling thirsty.

If you’re experiencing polydipsia diabetes symptoms could be you feel thirsty and have dry mouth for a long time.

​Polyuria: urinating a lot:

Another sign of diabetes is going for urination a lot. The kidneys will remove excess sugars from the blood through urination resulting in increased urination frequency and output.

Diabetes and polyuria are directly related because person with healthy glucose levels does 1–2 litres of urine per day whereas diabetic patients will do more than 3 litres a day.

​Polyphagia: feeling hungry all the time:

Excessive hunger and a sensation of being hungry regularly likewise is an early sign of diabetes. This happens when insulin isn't getting the glucose into the body's cells, so there is a feeling or yearning to take in more food.The hunger urge linked with polyphagia diabetes does not go away even after eating in fact, when diabetes is unmanaged eating more and more only adds to an already high blood glucose level.

Diabetic patients are often still hungry even after consuming a heavy meal.

3 p's of diabetes
3 p's of diabetes

Diabetes symptoms apart from the diabetes 3 ps:

Diabetes patients experience blood sugar spikes because insulin isn't working properly so apart from the above 3p's, some other diabetes symptoms include:

  • Getting tired, fatigued or feeling weak.
  • Blurred vision.
  • Unexplained weight loss.
  • Tingling sensation or numbness in hands and feet.
  • You notice cuts or wounds healing slower.
  • Infections recurring.

If you’re experiencing any of the three P’s with or any of the other common symptoms described apart from the above list then you could be developing diabetes. 

Following tests can be done to check for early developing diabetes.

Tests include:

  • (FPG test ) fasting plasma glucose 
  • (RPG test)  random plasma glucose 
  • Oral glucose tolerance test. 
  • A1C blood test.

Diabetes is a disease that affects the body's ability to use sugar and causes high blood glucose levels. To get an early diagnosis will be beneficial and can help prevent longer-term effects of diabetes like loss of vision, kidney failure and potential ulcers on the feet along with many others.

Three P of diabetes and prediabetes:

The stage when your body’s glucose levels are high but still not as high to  have type 2 diabetes is called Prediabetes.

If you think you're at risk of type 2 diabetes or are in prediabetes stage, keep your blood glucose level checked regularly.

3 p's of diabetes
3 p's of diabetes


If the 3 P’s of diabetes show higher sugar levels, it’s crucial keeping blood sugar controlled which helps to stop diabetes.

Some examples of ways to do this include:

  • Taking medication for diabetes, such as insulin.
  • Have a healthy diet and eating plan.
  • Stay active and be more physical.
  • Keeping a regular check on blood glucose levels, your blood pressure and cholesterol. 

If diagnosed, take medical advice from your healthcare professional is vital as they will develop a treatment plan that best suits your medical condition.

Complications of diabetes:

Science has improved a lot in not only reducing the effect of diabetes and on individuals' lives but also understanding the major signs of diabetes. Over the past  recent 20 years, the number of issues and complications occurring from diabetes have decreased significantly in people suffering from diabetes and the biggest decline has been in  heart diseases and stroke diseases. 

Some major diabetes complications:

  • Heart disease and stroke: People with diabetes are twice as more likely to have heart disease or a stroke.
  • Blindness and other eye problems:
    • Glaucoma
    • Cataract
    • Retina blood vessel damage (diabetic retinopathy)
  • Kidney disease: High blood sugar levels can damage the kidneys.
  • Nerve damage (neuropathy): Nerve damage most often affects the feet and legs.
  • Amputations: damage to blood vessels and nerves, can lead to Amputation  which becomes necessary to stop the spread of infection.
  • Diabetes increases the risk of depression. 
  • diagnosed during pregnancy may lead to complications.


Diabetes is a disease where the body either doesn't produce enough insulin (type 1 diabetes) or can't use the insulin it produces properly (type 2 diabetes).

You're in control of your diabetes so keep taking medication also, keep an eye on your glucose levels, stay physically active, keep an eye on 3 p's of diabetes and additionally keep in touch with a medical professional to continue on the correct steps to keep your diabetes in control. 

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